Hello Everyone Welcome in SONU LIVE ,in this post I’m providing you all important questions of CLASS 6TH HISTORY NCERT CHAPTER 2 which will help you in the UPSC Preparation and academic preparation.
SUMMARY OF CHAPTER 2 FOR UPSC
Q. What do you mean by hunter gatherers?
Ans-Hunter means people used to hunt wild animals scout fish and birds together means they collected fruits ,roots ,nuts ,seeds, leaves, stalk and eggs for their food
Q. Why were they constantly moving?
Ans-If they had stayed at one place for a long time they would have eaten up all the available plants and animal resources animals move from place to place so these people had to follow their movement for hunting purposes people may have moved from season to season in search of different kinds of plants people living on their banks would have had to go in search of water during the dry season from their places.
Q. How do we know about these people?
Ans-Archaeologists have found some of the things Hunter gatherers made and used. They made and used tools of stone, wood, and bone, of which stone tools have survived. People used stone tools to cut meat and bone, scrape bark (from trees), chop fruit and roots.
how did they choose the place to live in?
Many sites where people lived were located near sources of water. People tried to find places where good quality stone was easily available because it was important for hunting. People know places where they found stone and made tools as factory sites. Sometimes people lived in these sites for longer spells of time. The sites are calling habitation-cum-factory sites.
Q. Why are Kurnool caves famous?
People at that time used fire for various purposes, as researchers have found traces of ash at Kurnool caves in Andhra Pradesh during the Paleolithic age.
Q. Why did people bury goats with that people at Mehargarh
Ans-People believed in the idea of life after death and buried dead people with goats as a mark of respect, intending for the goats to serve as food in the next world.
Q. Why do people choose to live in Bhimbetka Caves?
Ans-People choose these natural caps because they provided shelter from the rain heat and wind Bhimbetka (in present Madhya Pradesh ) Chirand ( in Bihar)
Q. The paleolithic age is known as which period?
Ans-The period from 2 million years ago to 12000 BC means 10000 years ago from now
Q. What is Mesolithic period?
Ans-The period when we find environmental changes beginning about 12000 years ago till now 10000 years.
Q. What are microliths?
Ans-People stuck microliths to handles of bones or wood to make tools like saws and sickles. Microlith means stone tools with tiny blades. People usually made these out of flint and chert. People find microliths during the Mesolithic period, which extends from 12,000 years ago to 10,000 years.
Q. What are Neolithic period?
Ans-People known as the Neolithic Age the next stage from 10,000 years ago, which means 8000 BCE to 3000 BCE. Q. Which grains were first cultivated?
Emmer (Triticum turgidum subsp. dicoccum) and einkorn (Triticum monococcum) are the species of wheat and barley (Hordeum vulgare) were amongst the first species to be domesticated in the world.
Q. How do people attract with animals?
Ans- People could also attract and then time animals by living food for them near their Shelters.
The animals they used to domesticate are what?
The ancestor of the dog animal was the first animal that humans tamed, along with animals such as sheep, cattle, and pigs, which lived in herds and mostly grazed on grass.
Q. Why do the people rare and protected these animal from attack by other wild animals?
People often protected these animals from attacks by other wild animals, which resulted in their domestication and rarity as well as their usefulness as a food source.
Q. In which site where remains of square or rectangular houses found?
Why did the hunter gatherers travel from place to place in what ways are these similar to or different from the reasons of for which we travel today?
Ans- The hunter gatherers travelled from place to place. If they remained in one place they would not be able to harness food. They would finish all animal and plant resources of that place. As animals roamed around from one place to another, hunters also had to do the same to gather food. Hunter gatherers travelled in search of water because rivers and streams were seasonal. The fruits that are borne by trees occur at different seasons. Therefore to find substitutes they had to travel a long distance.
Today we travel for different purposes:-
(i)We migrate in search of better jobs or education.(ii)People travel from one place to another to enjoy sightseeing.(iii) We enjoy the beauty of different places.(iv)We travel to meet our relatives and friends who might not stay near us.
NCERT SOLUTIONS CHAPTER 2
Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
.Crops require a long time to grow and be ready for harvest, which means farmers must stay in one place for an extended period to care for them properly. This includes tasks like watering, weeding, pest control, and adapting farming methods based on weather conditions. Due to this long-term dedication, it is not feasible for farmers to frequently relocate.
3. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later? Archaeologists found the bones of many animals such as deer in the earlier levels. Hence, they could conclude that they were hunters to start with. Herding became important because they found bones of sheep and goat in the later levels.
Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?
These are the four reasons: The depletion of plant and animal resources likely led people to follow animals, as they migrated. People may have also moved between seasons in search of various types of plants and fruits. Additionally, the need for water for survival could have driven people to settle near seasonal rivers and lakes.
5. List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire (see page 15). Would you use fire for any of these purposes today? It was primarily using for 3 purposes. (i)Clearing forest area (ii) Cooking food (iii) For protection from wild animals Nowadays, we use fire for: For keeping ourselves warm Cooking food
List 3 ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.
farmers and herders live in huts or houses and rely on crops and domesticated animals for food, while hunter-gatherers reside in caves and depend on wild animals for sustenance. Farmers and herders stay in one place, but hunter-gatherers have to relocate to follow animal migrations.