In history we will have to cover these topics

UPSC aspirants have to study Art and culture because they introduce the journey of humans and also changes occur, Indian culture will cover salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern.

Modern Indian history from the middle of the eighteenth century presents significant event personalities like religious reform, Sati pratha etc

Freedom Struggle its various stages and important contributors contributions from different parts of the country it means how did we develop during British rule, and what were the steps took by us to overcome the problems.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country mean how the unification of the country took place for getting free from British rule.

History of the world

History of the world will include events from 18 century like the industrial revolution, world War, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization political philosophies such as communism, capitalism, socialism etc their forms and effect on the society.

And also we’ll have to study the role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and development.

Some topics that are more significant as explained in below.


The Sufis

According to information, during the 13th century Sufism was divided into 14 salsas. Sufis has many branches in India.

Visiting the place of pilgrimage is known as ziyarat.

The Chistis

founder father was known as Khwaza Abu -e-Chisti, but in India Moin-ud-din Chisti popularised it. His tomb is situated at Ajmer in Rajasthan.

The main disciple of Moin-ud-din Chisti was Khwaza Qutub-ud-din Bakhtiyar Kaki (after him Qutub Minar was named).

Nizam-ud-din Auliya saw the reign of seven Delhi Sultans. He was also known as Mahboob-i-Ilahi(beloved of God and Sultan- ul- Auliya (king of the saints). His tomb is situated in Delhi.

Sheikh Nasir-ud -din (Chirag-i-Delhi) was also a disciple of Mahboob-i-Illahi.

Mohd Gesudraz, Sheikh Salim Chisti are other famous Christians.


Its founder was Sheikh Muhi-ud-din Qadir Gillani in India. It was popularised by Shah Nizamat Ullah, Makhdum Zilani Dara Shikoh (son of Shah Jahan) was the disciple of Mullah Shah Bakshi.

He (Dara) wrote the Safinat-ul-Auliya, Sakinat-ul-Auliya. These are the biographies of the saints. Dara Shikoh also translated some books as Sir-e-Akbar, Sir -e- Asrar


Its founder was Khwaza Baha – ud – din Naqshabandi in India. It was popularised by Khwaza Khwand Mahmud (his centre was in Kashmir).Other Saints Baqi- Billah, Shahwali Ulla, Khwaja Mir Dard Naqshaband. Mir Dard wrote the Dard- e -Dil, the Sham-e -Mahfil, the Ilum -ul – Khitab.


Bhakti means devotional worship of God with the ultimate objective of attaining Moksha or Salvation. Bhakti Movement is divided into two groups (i) Nirguna (ii) Saguna