SONU LIVE BY SONU SIR, Friends in this article I am going to discuss the UPSC political science optional preparation strategy as well as the booklist that you should refer to. So Friends read this article till the end to know everything about UPSC’s political science optional subject.

In this article I would like to draw your attention to Political Science and International Relationship or PSIR for the UPSC MAINS exam. Political Science and International Relationship recognize you to one of the complex subjects and for an aspiring bureaucrat, it is one of the most important subjects to learn.

However, it is very important to have a good interest in this subject before selecting it as your optional.If you have inclination towards political science subject, then read the UPSC Political Science optional syllabus repeatedly.


UPSC POLITICAL SCIENCE OPTIONAL has divided into two papers,paper-1 and paper-2. We have been denoted the whole UPSC Political Science Optional for the both paper-1and paper-2 below.



Political theory: Meaning and approaches

Theories of state: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.

Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of Justice and its communitarian critiques.

Equality: Social, political and economic, the relationship between equality and freedom affirmative action.

Rights: Meaning and theories, different types of rights; the concept of Human Rights.

Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democratic representative, participatory and deliberative.

Power: Hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.

Political Ideology: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.

IIndian Polity thought:Dharmashastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions;Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, B.R Ambedkar, M.N Roy.

Western Political thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, John Locke, John S.Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arend.

SECTION B: INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS INDIAN NATIONALISM (a) Political strategies of India’s freedom struggle: Constitutionalism to mass satyagraha, Non cooperation, Civil Disobedience; millitant and revolutionary movements, peasants and workers movements. (b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: liberal, socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.

Making of the Indian Constitution:Legacies of the British rule,different social and political perspectives .

Salient Features of the Indian Constitution:The preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures;Judicial Review and Basic structure doctrine.

(a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Courts. (b)Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroots movements.

Statutory Institutions: Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission for women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for minorities, Nationa Backward Classes Commission.

Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.

Planning and Economic Development: Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector, Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms.

Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics

Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; pressure groups, trends in electoral behavior; changing socio-economic profile of legislators.

Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; environmentalist movement .

Comparative Politics and International Relationship, PAPER-2, PART-BComparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.

State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies and advanced industrial and developing societies.

Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.

Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.

Approaches to the study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and systems theory.

Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, security and power ; Balance of power and deterrence;Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.

Changing internation Political Order: (a) Rise of super power ;strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat; (b) Non-aligned movement: Aims and achievements. (C) Collapse of the Soviet Union;Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-aligned in the contemporary world.

Evolution of the International Economic System: From Bretton woods to WTO; socialist economies and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance;Third world demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.

United Nation: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies aims and Functioning need for UN reforms.

Regionalisation of the Word Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC.

Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.